South Texas barbacoa DSC 0264

South Texas barbacoa

On weekend mornings in South Texas, people stop by their local taqueria or market to pick up a container of beef barbacoa and a stack of warm tortillas. They’ll then scoop a few tablespoons of the slick shredded beef into the tortilla and top it off with salsa and a squirt of lime. Each tender bite is usually followed by a quick pull on a bottle of Big Red, a cream soda flavored with berries that is native to these parts

Barbacoa was traditionally made with a whole cow’s head wrapped in burlap or maguey leaves that had been buried in the ground and slowly cooked over coals for a day or so.

Only one Texas restaurant, Vera’s in Brownsville, is still allowed to sell traditional barbacoa cooked in this fashion. Instead, these days most places just steam their meat. Likewise, using a whole cow’s head is now forbidden to prevent the spread of disease, so beef cheeks are now the meat of choice.

South Texas barbacoa | Homesick Texan

While some people at home still make their barbacoa in the same fashion as their ancestors, most use either an oven or a slow cooker. I’ve had delicious results using both myself.

For my South Texas barbacoa, I season beef cheeks with lots of salt, pepper, and garlic. To approximate cooking the meat over fire, I also add smoked paprika. Then I nestle the meat in banana leaves as another echo back to the dish’s underground, coal-fire beginnings. In the absence of banana leaves, however, a tight wrap in foil works just as well, too.

Beef cheeks are extremely fatty and as such, you’ll need to spend a few minutes after the meat has cooked removing the fat. Be sure and leave some, however, as it’s part of what makes barbacoa such a decadent treat.

South Texas barbacoa | Homesick Texan

If you can’t find beef cheeks, chuck roast or the point part of the brisket will be a fine substitution. And be sure to serve with a stack of flour tortillas and salsa verde. Some also like to top it with chopped cilantro and onions, though my preference is pico de gallo, as it adds a spicy brightness that cuts through the meat’s richness.

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4.80 from 10 votes

South Texas barbacoa

Servings 4
Author Lisa Fain


  • Banana leaves



  • If using an oven, preheat to 350°F.
  • Stir together the salt, black pepper, smoked paprika, garlic, and cayenne. Generously season the meat and then if using an oven, wrap tightly in banana leaves or foil. Place the wrapped meat on a sheet pan and bake for 5 hours.
  • If using a slow cooker, don’t wrap the meat and instead just place it dry, with no liquid, in the slow cooker and cook on high for 6 hours or low for 8 hours.
  • After the meat has cooked, allow it to rest and cool for 30 minutes before either unwrapping or removing from the slow cooker. Once it’s cooled, strain and remove some of the fat to your preference.
  • Squirt the meat with lime juice then taste and adjust seasonings. I usually add a generous sprinkle of more smoked paprika, for instance.
  • Shred the meat and then serve with warm tortillas, pico de gallo, and salsa verde.


You can find beef cheeks at most Mexican markets and in Texas, also at HEB. Banana leaves can often be found at these stores, too, though sometimes they may be in the freezer section. 

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4.80 from 10 votes (8 ratings without comment)

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    1. Lisa Fain says:

      You’re welcome! Let us know how it turns out for you!

  1. Brian McDougal says:

    I’ve used your recipe a dozen times with 100% success, I’ve actually had a couple of friends tell me to cook it in Guajillo Pepper sauce. I’ve done that as well, it kicks it up even higher. Just an added twist for ya. (I also add 2 drops of Carolina Reaper extract to the broth sometimes too). Enjoy

    1. Lisa Fain says:

      Brian–Thank you for sharing your tip! I will try it that way!

  2. Cameron Caswell says:

    I had an assortment of meat remaining from another project: oxtail, sirloin & brisket – I prepped all three according to the recipe and then made sure they all got mixed up really well at the end. The creamy fat from the oxtail was a really good addition! Finished with lots of extra smoked paprika. Very very delicious.

    1. Lisa Fain says:

      Cameron–Thank you for sharing your variation! I will have to try it your way!